Page builders and multilingual WordPress websites

WPML.org, the web home of the WordPress Multilingual Plugin runs this blog post about the upcoming support for WordPress page builders.  Apart from the good news themselves, there are some insightful results of the survey that the team did, trying to understand who uses page builders and how.  I found the stats on which page builder solutions people use the most interesting:

q2-which-page-builder

At work we are primarily using Divi (when we are not building our own themes), but we’ve also done a few sites with Enfold.  I’ve also seen Avada in the wild.  But I can’t tell you which ones are better, because when it comes to using page builders, I’m mostly not involved.  These tools are so awesome these days that they can be easily used by a non-technical person.  Which is exactly what we do ;)

StackOverflow: Docker vs. Vagrant, with project authors’ comments

There is this discussion over at StackOverflow: Should I use Vagrant or Docker for creating an isolated environment? It attracted the attention of the authors of both projects (as well as many other smart people).  Read the whole thing for interesting insights into what’s there now and what’s coming.  If you’d rather have a summary, here it is:

The short answer is that if you want to manage machines, you should use Vagrant. And if you want to build and run applications environments, you should use Docker.

3 serious (but common) misconceptions about software testing

QA Symphony looks at 3 serious (but common) misconceptions about software testing:

  1. Testing is a Cost Center
  2. Legacy Tools are Good Enough
  3. Testing Is Easy

These are indeed very common.

Let me just briefly focus on the last one.  Consider how quickly the complexity escalates.  You are a building a simple website – nothing fancy, just some modern design and a few pages of content to represent your company.  Let’s say you have just four pages: front page, about us, services, and contact us.  You can quickly check how these four pages look in your browser.  Easy right?

But wait.  People use different browsers to access the web.  So just checking it in your favorite one is not that enough.  Which browsers should you test for?  Let’s say we take the major ones – Google Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Internet Explorer, and Safari.  These should about cover us.  Until now, your entire test was 4 page loads.  Now you are multiplying it by 4 browsers.  That’s 16 page loads.  So far so good?

Not really.  Each browser has multiple versions, which render pages differently.  Not everyone is using the latest version.  And new versions are released continuously.  Let’s say you decided to support the latest two major versions of each browser.  So now, that’s each browser times two.  So 4 pages by 8 browser comes up to 32 page loads.

But we were just talking about the desktop browsers.  You do want your site looking good on tablets and mobiles, right?  Of course you do.  What does that mean in terms of testing?  Let’s say we support only iOS and Android – two major platforms, both for mobile and tablets.  And we only support the default browser on each of those.  That adds 4 more browsers.

By the way, when people browse on mobiles and tablets, sometimes they view your page holding a device vertically, and sometimes horizontally.  You should probably test for those things as well.  You know, just to make sure, nothing breaks through to the right, or requires too much scrolling down.

Remember that we are still talking about the simplest of all the websites here.  Nothing fancy.

Let’s throw in an additional language.  Here in Cyprus, for example, most websites are in English and Greek.  Some add Russian.  Some have a few languages.  I’ve worked in the companies supporting over a dozen languages on the website.  Each language means that you need to do more tests.  In each of those browsers and on each of the supported devices.

You get my drift.

Something else.  So far our tests were simple page loads, just to have a quick look whether or not the page looks fine.  What if we have multiple tests per page.  You want the page to look fine.  But you also don’t want to have any syntax or grammar errors in the content.  Especially in those foreign languages, that you don’t speak yourself.  And you want the page to be optimized for search engines.  And you want it to be fast (performance testing).

By now, you’ll probably give and agree that testing is not easy.  Not even for the simplest of sites.  Consider just how much more complicated it can get if your site is slightly more complex than that.

Remember that contact us page.  That thing was just showing the company mailing address and the phone number.  Now you want an integrated Google Map and a contact us form.  Nothing wrong with that, right?

Well.  Google services are banned in many countries.  Will your contact us page still work if the user cannot access the Google Maps service?  You’ll need to test for that.  What about your contact form?  Does it actually work? You can’t be sure from it just appearing on the page.  You need to test it now too.

We are still in the domain of simple websites.  And this is getting too long.  Let me just through a few more things at you:

  • more content (imagine a website with dozens or hundreds of pages … this very blog has almost 10,000 blog posts, which are organized into categories, tags, date archives, etc).
  • more functionality (fancy things, dynamic page loads, form validations, etc)
  • even more functionality (online shop, user-driven content, etc)
  • more integrations with other services (Google, social networks, company CRM/ERP/etc)
  • spreading the site across multiple servers for performance (multiple web servers, caching servers, application servers, database servers, etc)

With each and every bit that you throw into your website, the testing gets exponentially more complex.  You have to consider functionality testing, user interface testing, performance testing, security testing, and so on and so forth.

When you get to all of that, you probably have multiple people working in several teams.  They all need to communicate and coordinate.  Which is another layer of complexity.

I’ll stop here.

Next time you think testing is easy, think again.

Update (September 10, 2016): here are a few more misconceptions, which are as common as the ones above.

What is risk management?

risk management

O’Reilly runs a nice and simple article on what is risk management.  They look at it from the perspective of a web application, but the suggestions are generic enough to be applied universally.  The highlights are:

  • Managing risk
  • Identifying risk
  • Remove worst offenders
  • Mitigate
  • Review regularly

I particularly liked this paragraph from the identifying risks section:

You will likely find that there are obvious entries in the list, but there should also be entries that surprise you. This is good. You want to uncover as many of your risk vulnerabilities as possible, and if some of them don’t come as a surprise to you, you probably haven’t dug deep enough.

Micro – a modern and intuitive terminal-based text editor

micro-solarized

Micro is a modern console based text editor, written in Go.  Version 1.0.0 has been recently released.  It’s cross-platform (installs as a single binary) and supports a variety of features:

  • Easy to use and to install
  • No dependencies or external files are needed — just the binary you can download further down the page
  • Common keybindings (ctrl-s, ctrl-c, ctrl-v, ctrl-z…)
    • Keybindings can be rebound to your liking
  • Sane defaults
    • You shouldn’t have to configure much out of the box (and it is extremely easy to configure)
  • Splits and tabs
  • Extremely good mouse support
    • This means mouse dragging to create a selection, double click to select by word, and triple click to select by line
  • Cross platform (It should work on all the platforms Go runs on)
    • Note that while Windows is supported, there are still some bugs that need to be worked out
  • Plugin system (plugins are written in Lua)
  • Persistent undo
  • Automatic linting and error notifications
  • Syntax highlighting (for over 75 languages!)
  • Colorscheme support
    • By default, micro comes with 16, 256, and true color themes.
  • True color support (set the MICRO_TRUECOLOR env variable to 1 to enable it)
  • Copy and paste with the system clipboard
  • Small and simple
  • Easily configurable
  • Common editor things such as undo/redo, line numbers, unicode support…

Although not yet implemented, I hope to add more features such as autocompletion, and multiple cursors in the future.

If you are looking for a new editor, give Micro a try.

Steven Black hosts files

StevenBlack/hosts repository:

Extending and consolidating hosts files from a variety of sources like adaway.org, mvps.org, malwaredomains.com, someonewhocares.org, yoyo.org, and potentially others. You can optionally invoke extensions to block additional sites by category.

Categories include: adware, malware, gambling, porn, and social networks.

Don’t use Slack for FOSS

Please don’t use Slack for FOSS projects” is a compelling case for why you shouldn’t use Slack for Free and Open Source Software projects.  Make sure to read the discussion in the comments as well.  (By the way, many of the arguments apply to HipChat too).

hipchat-slack

The suggested alternative is IRC, which I agree with.  My only minor disagreement in regards to IRC is using it for companies as well.  Companies are much more fragile and sensitive than Open Source community, so it doesn’t work all that well in some places.  I think Slack/HipChat work great for company communications, but if you want to have full control over your chat system, then try out Rocket.Chat, which I blogged about earlier this year.

Web Developer Tools from Browserling

browserling-effortless-cross-browser-testing

Browserling – an awesome cross-browser testing service, has a collection of Web Developer Tools, which are as simple to use as possible.  There are now more than 80 (!!!) tools, according to this Peteris Krumins blog post, that provide immediate help with things like converting dates and times, formats like CSV, JSON, Markdown, HTML, XML, etc, generating passwords, minimizing or prettifying HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and more.

On Google+ success from 5 years ago

One of the benefits of having your own blog is all the archives that are accumulated over time.  Web services, platforms, and social networks come and go, and so does your content when you choose to use them.  But with your own piece of the Internet, you get to keep it all.

It’s always interesting to see what I was into and what I was thinking like years ago.  Especially when it comes to predictions and forecasting.  Especially with the technology, which moves so fast.

Here is, for example, something that I shared 5 years ago (to the day):  On how Google+ will succeed.  Now that never happened.  In fact, almost the opposite is happening:

Horowitz made a point to emphasize, once again, that Google+ isn’t going away. Instead, he reiterated that the company will be offering “a more focused Google+ experience.”

In other words, Google+ has a core set of users that really do enjoy using the service. “Google+ is quickly becoming a place where people engage around their shared interests, with the content and people who inspire them,” Horowitz said.

More specifically, Google plans to continue to offer new features in Google+ and move “features that aren’t essential to an interest-based social experience” into existing products.

This just tells you how “trustworthy” is my opinion on things…