All 500 of the World’s Top 500 Supercomputers Are Running Linux

Slashdot shares the story:

Linux rules supercomputing. This day has been coming since 1998, when Linux first appeared on the TOP500 Supercomputer list. Today, it finally happened: All 500 of the world’s fastest supercomputers are running Linux. The last two non-Linux systems, a pair of Chinese IBM POWER computers running AIX, dropped off the November 2017 TOP500 Supercomputer list. When the first TOP500 supercomputer list was compiled in June 1993, Linux was barely more than a toy. It hadn’t even adopted Tux as its mascot yet. It didn’t take long for Linux to start its march on supercomputing.

From when it first appeared on the TOP500 in 1998, Linux was on its way to the top. Before Linux took the lead, Unix was supercomputing’s top operating system. Since 2003, the TOP500 was on its way to Linux domination. By 2004, Linux had taken the lead for good. This happened for two reasons: First, since most of the world’s top supercomputers are research machines built for specialized tasks, each machine is a standalone project with unique characteristics and optimization requirements. To save costs, no one wants to develop a custom operating system for each of these systems. With Linux, however, research teams can easily modify and optimize Linux’s open-source code to their one-off designs.

 

Fedora 27

Fedora 27Fedora 27, the latest and greatest version, has been released.  As always, a lot of work went into putting it all together.  But for personally, the new releases has stopped being exciting a long time ago.  My desktop needs have been satisfied for years.  All I need is MATE Desktop Environment (with i3 window manager), a browser, terminal emulator and Vim.  That’s pretty much it.  And it has been there forever.

So, is there anything interesting in this new version at all? Release Notes are rather thin, but let’s have a look.

  • New and improved Gnome 3.26.  I know a lot of people who use Gnome, so that’s probably exciting.
  • New LibreOffice 5.4.  Personally, I don’t know anyone who is using LibreOffice.  Google Docs is doing a pretty good job these days.
  • Security section looks like the largest area of changes.
  • Web Development section mentions Node.js 8.

If you want even more details on what has been done, why and how, have a look at the Fedora 27 changes page.

To me it looks like there is some internal restructuring and reorganization going on, with release process changes (no more Alpha releases), a lot of effort on modularity, and so on.

Hopefully, the next one will be a bit more exciting.

SSH via bastion host

A while back I wrote this blog post on the subject of using SSH via bastion hosts.  If you are into this sort of thing, have a look at this blog post by my brother.  He is providing a few more explanations and clarifications, as well as covers a tricky to troubleshoot case with non-default location of your SSH configuration files and keys.

SystemD strikes again : Unit X.mount is bound to inactive unit

My brother is blogging about a really weird issue we had today.  Apparently, the old school approach of working with disk volumes, and mounting them is not enough anymore.  These days, systemd is responsible for part of that workflow and it can bite you in the behind if you are not careful.

Solution: run “systemctl daemon-reload” whenever you edit /etc/fstab.

Run boy run! This world is not made for you …

 

How did you significantly reduce your AWS cost?

This Hacker News thread is full of tips, tricks, and references to reducing Amazon AWS costs.  There is plenty of good advice from cleaning up the data and releasing unused resources, to monitoring the reserved instances usage, to moving data from elastic volumes to the Amazon S3 for cheaper storage and smaller traffic bills.

Turning vim into an IDE through vim plugins

Turning vim into an IDE through vim plugins” is yet another take on customizing the Vim text editor and making it into a full featured IDE.  Most of these things were possible for years (I even had my own blog post on the subject), but with every version of Vim it gets easier and easier to setup a more advanced developer environment.

Google Chrome color profile

My good friend and colleague Michael Stepanov has been recently annoyed by some weird color offsets on his external screen in Fedora 26.  Turns out, it wasn’t the external monitor, video card, or cable issue.  The problem was with the new Google Chrome and its choice of the color profile.  The solution was found in this Reddit thread:

  • Open new tab and type there chrome://flags
  • Find option “Force color profile” and set it to “sRGB”
  • Restart Chrome and enjoy blue as blue 🙂

jq and jo – handy CLI tools for working with JSON

Here are a couple of really useful command-line tools for anybody working with JSON.  The first one is jq, which is a somewhat wider known JSON processor.  Here’s a nice tutorial with many examples of how this tool is useful.  The second one, is jo – a command-line tool for easier creation of JSON output.

htop explained

htop explained” is a very detailed guide into the htop Linux system monitoring tool.  Even if you are an experienced Linux user, and even if you are not a fan of htop (why aren’t you?), you will still find this guide useful, as it goes into a lot of detail on how htop figures out all the values and where Linux keeps bits and pieces of system information.

Firewalld configuration and usage

If you are a Linux old-timer, who is used to iptables (or even ipchains, or even … anyway), you might find “Firewalld configuration and usage” guide very handy.  It covers firewalld concepts and provides a number of examples for zones, ports, services, interfaces and other bits and pieces that you might be scratching your head about, when configuring the modern Linux firewall.